National Audit Office report reveals NHS spends over £3bn outside NHS Supply Chain
A new report from the National Audit Office (NAO) has revealed that the NHS is not making the most of its spending power to save money in purchasing medical equipment, including mobility scooters and wheelchairs.
Entitled ‘NHS Supply Chain and efficiencies in procurement’, the report has found that the NHS has continued to spend more than £3 billion outside NHS Supply Chain, its purpose-built procurement route.
The NAO, which is the UK’s independent public spending watchdog, examined how effectively NHS Supply Chain is making efficiencies across NHS procurement, and whether it has achieved its objectives of saving money and increasing its share of products (medical equipment and consumables) bought through it by the NHS.
The Department for Health and Social Care (DHSC) established NHS Supply Chain in 2019 as part of efforts to identify savings through aggregating the NHS’ significant purchasing power. Responsibility for Supply Chain moved to NHS England (NHSE) in 2021.
For 2023-24, NHS Supply Chain estimates that annual NHS spending on products is around £8 billion.
At its inception in 2019, DHSC set NHS Supply Chain a target to deliver £2.4 billion savings by 2023-24. As of 2022-23, it told the NAO that it had exceeded its £2.4 billion savings target.
However, although NHS Supply Chain reported progress against this target to NHSE on a quarterly basis, neither NHSE nor the DHSC has validated or checked these savings, the report reveals.
The report adds that NHS trusts spend approximately £3.4 billion outside of NHS Supply Chain’s function. Trusts are largely free to purchase goods outside Supply Chain, but in order to achieve its objective – to harness the NHS’s spending power – NHS Supply Chain needs to persuade them to use it to purchase goods.
There is a still lot of variation in the prices trusts pay, the NAO states. For example, for each hip replacement stem part purchased by the NHS in 2022-23, individual trusts paid up to £490, with a median price of £333. Supply Chain’s price for the same product was £258 which was the lowest price for that product.
Moreover, NHS Supply Chain has used different methods to report savings to different audiences, which could cause confusion. Some NHS trusts themselves said that they did not recognise NHS Supply Chain’s claimed savings and this issue is causing frustration and mistrust, according to the report.
In summer 2023, NHSE, NHS Supply Chain, trusts, and stakeholders worked together to develop a new methodology for reporting savings which should be ready from April 2024. Supply Chain is now pursuing a new savings target of £1 billion from January 2022 to 2030 (£500 million by 2026).
In Supply Chain’s latest customer satisfaction survey, 71.8 percent of customers asked noted that they use other supply routes because the products they wanted were not available through Supply Chain. Supply Chain estimated that the amount of money that trusts had spent when buying products through Supply Chain, or using its commercial terms, increased from £3.4 billion in 2018-19 to £4.5 billion in 2022-23 (in cash terms).
Customers’ levels of overall satisfaction with NHS Supply Chain are below target and in long-term decline, the report adds. Supply Chain recognises that it needs to improve how trusts view its performance if it is to incentivise trusts to use it more.
NHS Supply Chain also needs to improve the performance of eDirect, a procurement route accounting for around £1.5 billion of orders via Supply Chain in 2022-23. Orders via this route were delivered on average 22 days late between June 2022 and March 2023.
The NAO says that NHS Supply Chain is working to address these challenges and is implementing a transformation programme. However, there are weaknesses in how it is managing this transformation, with an over-reliance on the CEO and slow recruitment of senior staff.
Supply Chain has set out what it considers it needs from NHSE for transformation to succeed and to achieve £1 billion savings. While NHSE is making progress towards most of these ‘asks’, it could do more, the report underlines.
The NAO recommends that NHSE should use its data on trusts’ spending to understand and challenge why trusts are not using NHS Supply Chain and incentivise and encourage greater use of NHS Supply Chain. It further suggests that NHS Supply Chain should improve its understanding of why some customers are unsatisfied with its services and develop a targeted action plan to make substantial improvements in satisfaction.
Gareth Davies, the head of the NAO, commented: “Delivering the right products for the NHS, on time and at the best available price is essential to make every pound count for patients. The NHS has enormous buying power, but it is not yet making the most of it.
“Supply Chain needs to do more to deliver, and to show that it is delivering, for the NHS. In response, trusts need to make use of the NHS’s buying power to secure the lower costs Supply Chain can bring, with support and clear direction from NHSE.”
An engaging British Healthcare Trades Association conference in 2022 saw senior NHS and government figures discuss how NHS procurement is becoming more value-based.https://thiis.co.uk/national-audit-office-report-reveals-reveals-nhs-spends-over-3bn-outside-nhs-supply-chain/https://thiis.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2023/01/pexels-marcus-aurelius-wheelchair-at-table-900x637-1.jpghttps://thiis.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2023/01/pexels-marcus-aurelius-wheelchair-at-table-900x637-1-150x150.jpgGovernment & Local AuthoritiesNewsroomNHSReports & ResearchSector NewsDepartment for Health and Social Care,Mobility,National Audit Office,scooter,supply chainA new report from the National Audit Office (NAO) has revealed that the NHS is not making the most of its spending power to save money in purchasing medical equipment, including mobility scooters and wheelchairs. Entitled ‘NHS Supply Chain and efficiencies in procurement’, the report has found that the NHS...Liane McIvorLiane McIvorliane@thiis.co.ukEditorTHIIS Magazine